Copyright Ontology

The Copyright Ontology is a contribution geared towards the development of copyright-aware Digital Rights Management (DRM) systems.

The Copyright ontology is the main contribution of the PhD thesis "A Semantic Web Approach to Digital Right Management", which documents it. The main parts of this PhD thesis devoted to the Copyright Ontology are the Conceptualisation and Implementation sections. The latter just sketches the implementation guidelines of an OWL implementation.

Currently, there is just a Copyright Ontology implementation, which is work in progress:


CopyrightOnto - A Copyright Ontology for Content Rights Management

Ontology: 2019/09

There is also a ongoing project to develop a Semantic Digital Rights Management System (SemDRMS) that makes use of the Copyright Ontology in order to implement DRM using Sematic Web tools.

Related Projects

InVID Logo

2016-2018 InVID, In Video Veritas (EU H2020-687786)
Verificat of Social Media Video Content for the News Industry
Innovation Action

Rights Management
Blockchain guide

MediaMixer Logo

2012-2014 MediaMixer (EU FP7-318101)
Community and Networking for the Remixing of Online Media
Support Action


Sony DADC Logo
2011-2012 Supply Chain Strategy and Operations (Sony DADC)
Consulting about copyright management using Semantic Web technologies.
OMediaDis Logo 2009-2011 OMediaDis Spanish Government (TIN2008-06228)
Open Plataform for Multichannel Content Distribution Management


 poster thumbnail

Title: "Copyright Management of User Generated ContentPDF

1st Winter School on Multimedia Processing and Applications (WMPA'14)
Dublin, Ireland, January 6-8, 2014 (co-located with MMM'14)

Tutorials logo

Title: "Semantic management of your media fragments rights" Play Video slideshow
MediaMixer Webinars

MediaMixer LogoCommunity Portal Title: "Semantic Technologies for Copyright Management"
MediaMixer Community Portal, 2013

Smart University'07 Title: "Enabling interoperable and rights-aware DRM using the SemanticWebPPT slideshow
DRM, from Research to Implementation track, Smart University 2007
September 19-20, Sophia Antipolis, France

Related Books

A Semantic Web Approach to
Digital Rights Management 

García, R.
VDM Verlag Dr. Müller, 2010
ISBN 978-3-639-15740-6
A Semantic Web Approach to Digital Rights Management Cover

Other Publications

NOTE: This site links to the draft versions of the papers. For final versions, please, contact the corresponding publisher.

Social Media Copyright Management using Semantic Web and Blockchain slideshowPDF

García, R.; Gil, R.
21st International Conference on Information Integration and Web-based Applications & Services (iiWAS2019)
December 2-4, 2019. Munich, Germany.
pp. 339–34. New York, NY, USA: ACM, 2019
DOI: 10.1145/3366030.3366128

Copyright Management of User-Generated Video for Journalistic Reuse  PDF

García, R.; Teixidor, M.; de Barrón, P.; Teyssou, D.; Gil, R., Berga, A.; Rovira, G.
In: Mezaris, V.; Nixon, L.; Papadopoulos, S.; Teyssou, D. (eds.)
Video Verification in the Fake News Era, pp. 223-259.
Springer, Cham, 2019
ISBN: 978-3-030-06149-4 / DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26752-0_8

Semantic Copyright Management of Media FragmentsPDF

García, R.; Castellà, D.; Gil, R.
2nd International Conference on Data Management Technologies andApplications, DATA'13
July 29-31, 2013. Reykjavik, Iceland.
SciTePress, to be published, 2013

Controlled Natural Language rendering of Copyright Ontology licenses PDF slideshow

García, R.; Gil, R.
8th International Workshop for Technical, Economic and Legal Aspects of Business Models for Virtual Goods, Virtual Goods'10,
30 September - 1 October 2010, Namur, Belgium
Namur University Press, pp. 61-76, 2010
ISBN 978-2-87037-682-9

Content Value Chains Modelling using a Copyright Ontology PDF

García, R.; Gil, R.Information Systems, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 483-495. Elsevier, 2010
0306-4379 / DOI: 10.1016/

Copyright Licenses Reasoning using an OWL-DL Ontology PDF

García, R.; Gil, R.
In Breuker, J.; Casanovas, P.; Klein, M.; Francesconi, E. (Eds.) Law, Ontologies and the Semantic Web
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, Vol. 188, pp. 145-162. IOS Press, 2009
ISBN 978-1-58603-942-4

Copyright Management for the LUISA Semantic Learning Content Management System PDF PPT slideshow

García, R.; Pariente, T.
1st World Summit on the Knowledge Society, WSKS'08
Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 5288, pp. 253-262. Springer, 2008
ISBN 978-3-540-87780-6

Semantic Copyright Management for Internet-wide Knowledge Sharing and Reuse PDF

García, R.; Gil, R.
Online Information Review, Vol. 32, No. 5, in press. Emerald, 2008
ISSN 1468-4527

A Web Ontology for Copyright Contracts Management PDF

García, R.; Gil, R.
Special issue on "Contract Architectures and Languages".
International Journal of Electronic Commerce
, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 103-117. M.E. Sharpe, 2008
ISSN 1086-4415

Promoting Music Sampling by Semantic Web-enhanced DRM tools PDF

Springer, M.; García. R.
5th International Workshop for Technical, Economic and Legal Aspects of Business Models for Virtual Goods, Virtual Goods'07
Nova Science Publishers, 2007. In press

A Web Ontologies Framework for Digital Rights Management PDF

García, R.; Gil, R. and Delgado, J.
Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Law, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 137-154. Springer-Verlag, 2007
ISSN 0924-8463

Semantic Digital Rights Management for Controlled P2P RDF Metadata Diffusion PDF

García, R.; Tummarello, G.
2nd International Semantic Web Policy Workshop, SWPW'06
International Semantic Web Conference, Athens, USA, 2006
CEUR Workshop Proceedings, Vol. 207, pp. 102-109, 2006
ISSN 1613-0073

An OWL Copyright Ontology for Semantic Digital Rights Management PDF

García, R.; Gil, R.
IFIP WG 2.12 & WG 12.4 International Workshop on Web Semantics, SWWS'06
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 4278, pp. 1745-1754. Springer-Verlag, 2006
ISBN 3-540-48273-3

An Ontological Approach for the Management of Rights Data Dictionaries PDF PPT

García, R. and Delgado, J.
18th Annual Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems, JURIX 2005
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, Vol. 134, IOS Press, 2005
ISBN 1-58603-576-2

Formalising ODRL Semantics using Web Ontologies PDF

García, R.; Gil, R.; Gallego, I. and Delgado, J.
Open Digital Rights Language Workshop, ODRL 2005

An interoperable framework for IPR using web ontologies PDF

Gil, R.; García, R. and Delgado, J.
Legal Ontologies and Artificial Intelligence Techniques, LOAIT 2005
IAAIL Workshop Series, pp. 135-148. Wolf Legal Publishers, 2005
ISBN 90-5850-504-9